Omar Khayyám ( 1047-1123 ) was an Eleventh Century astronomer, mathematician, philosopher and poet. He was born in Naishapur, the Khorassan area of Persia . . . which is now Iran.
The Rubáiyát was translated from Arabic to English in 1858 by Britain's Edward Fitzgerald ( 1809-1883 ).
In other editions following this one, Fitzgerald made various changes in the Quatrains. Although most agreed these changes improved his translation, the first edition is the one that became popular in the Western world . . . and to warrant the additional printings of the book.
Therefore, I have used the first edition for this version of the Rubáiyát. And, if you will notice, most of these Quantrains are timeless. Especially, in the uncertainties of today.
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